A Struggle for Sovereignty: Rice v. Cayetano & the Ongoing Hawaiian EA Movement



  • Take a dive into the history of Hawai’ian sovereignty movements by looking at the writings of
    Hawai’ian activists
  • Analyze the Rice v. Cayetano Supreme Court case to excavate attempts to suppress Hawai’ian


The Gilded Age is an Era of U.S. history defined by industrialization, the development of big business, rapid westward expansion, increased immigration, corruption in the U.S. government, and progressive reform movements.

Industrialization and rapid westward expansion are themes most relevant to the U.S. annexation of Hawai’i.


  1. What is the history of the U.S. overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai’i and annexation of Hawai’i? How does this history fit into themes related to the Gilded Age?
  2. How has colonialism impacted the Native Hawaiian community?
  3. What resistance movements have arisen for Native Hawaiian sovereignty? How do these movements relate to the history of American Civil Rights movements?
  4. What is Rice v. Cayetano? How has it impacted Native Hawaiian sovereignty movements?